Call for Proposals
Labour Market Assessment of Libya
The overall objective of this study is to gain an understanding of the dynamics of migrant workers including Libyans as potential migrants in the selected region of Libya. The study envisages building a set of recommendations with the overall intention of effectively responding to the need to enhance the employability, business development/self-employment and entrepreneurship capacities of youth, women and other members of host communities and migrants in selected areas with high concentrations of migrants. The labour market assessment will deliver practical and tangible recommendations to work towards:
· An increase in formal recruitment ensuring an improved match of demand and supply of skills at the required skills level;
· Identify the emerging skill sectors and within those sectors the applicable skill sets in the select regions of Libya;
· Identify the standards and certification in the select skill sets in Libya with focus.
· More accurate information aimed at developing a comprehensive labour migration policy ensuring migrant protection and migrant workers’ rights and duties, including a well-managed and fair wage system for foreign workers.
This LMA study will also serve as a tool to develop a demand driven international labour mobility strategy, based on the analysis of both the challenges and benefits of migration and aimed at empowering migrants, especially women and youth, to become full members of the society, highlighting their positive contribution to the local economy and development and promoting inclusion and social cohesion.
The role of labour migration within social and economic development planning, both for countries of origin and destination, is a multi-faceted phenomenon. Labour migration plays a crucial role in economic development of the destination countries as diverse skills sets brought by labour migrants facilitate economic growth in key sectors that may otherwise remain dormant. The greater economic growth enables the enhancement of local employment opportunities and contributes to the expansion of local businesses, especially in the private sector.
Effective labour migration policy and programming reflect all the above considerations. However, institutions managing labour migration flows must also balance considerations of labour supply-and-demand with broader concerns relating to the impact of foreign labour on domestic training and occupational interests, occupational salary scales, as well as non-labour market factors such as the social impact of foreign worker flows.
Since 2011, Libya is suffering from political, security and economic crises that have severe adverse impacts on the crucial state institutions, having a detrimental impact on its economy. Historically, the Libyan economy has always relied on migrants to meet labour and skills shortages within the domestic labour market. In recognition of this, the labour market assessment shall facilitate the much-needed information and analysis of labour market dynamics that would further enhance the ability of relevant stakeholders in developing and implementing labour migration policies.
3. Scope of work for the consultant
Geographically, the assessment shall focus on important economic centres including Tripoli, Benghazi, Misrata, Zilten, Bayda and Zawiya region of Libya. During the inception phase of the study, the consultant(s) are to ensure the application of a participatory approach by: engaging all relevant stakeholders, including the final beneficiaries; considering aspects of coordination and alignment with priorities of national authorities; that the analysis explains how the assessment findings builds on and contributes to national and local plans, activities and policies. The study should rely on mixed methods, using quantitative data sources, and the approach must take utmost care that capacity development issues are taken into consideration at all times and to fully utilize the existing capabilities of all partners. The assessment will offer strategic and operational recommendations which will inform future and on-going programs on how to effectively align with current national and regional priorities, create linkages with relevant initiatives, and build on existing good practices.
The labour market assessment is expected to deliver practical and workable recommendations towards:
· An increased number of foreign recruitment requests ensuring a better match of demand and supply of skills at the required skills level,
· A comprehensive labour migration policy ensuring migrant protection and migrant workers’ rights and duties, including a well-managed and fair wage system for foreign workers.
As part of the engagement, the consultant shall perform the following activities.
· Conduct a methodology meeting with all the relevant stakeholders including relevant ministries, civil societies, local researchers etc to finalize the skills and sub skills for the purpose of study.
· Study the labour market situation in Libya as a whole and regional supply potential of the labour market demands.
· Analyze the demographic and economic situation of the selected regions and the development potential of its economy in medium term perspective.
· Study the labour market of Libya at a macro level to identify the existing and projected demand in different skill sectors.
· Analyze the potential skill sectors at a micro level by sub-dividing it into sub skills and projecting the demand situation in these sub skills in the country’s labour market.
· Map the projected skills/sub skills with high demand with the skills in Libya to draw a matrix for the demand and supply projections.
· Identify the existing and projected skill standards (certification and qualification requirements) in the skills/sub skills where Libya has a potential deficit and the target neighbouring countries has a potential / projected demand.
Specifically, the study should;
· Undertake a rapid desk review/analysis of current policies, strategies, and legislation in relation to/relevant for migrants and youth including social services, training and skills and business development support.
· Provide a strategic analysis of the existing and potential employment opportunities and enabling factors for vocational skills training; and identify a typology of vocational training centres in target locations based on key informant interviews and where possible field assessments.
· Highlight examples of structures, instruments, mechanisms, and information sources used to identify and disseminate employment, training, and entrepreneurship opportunities
· Develop and implement an approach to quantify the economic contribution of foreign workers to the private sector and the Libyan economy as a whole.
· Gather information on skills service providers and their opinions with regards to the occupations in demand by employers and small and medium enterprise establishments as well as the quality of trainings offered by existing vocational skills training centres.
· Describe the various occupational skill sets of migrant workers already working in various sectors; include recommendations towards enhancing them in wage chain level
· Conduct a rapid, high-level stakeholder mapping and gather opinions from official and private key informants regarding the carrying capacities of existing services (health, housing, education including vocational education and training) in the target locations and the cost implications of including persons in these services.
· Explore opportunities for synergies/linkages with existing projects of development partners, UN agencies, INGOs, NGOs, the private sector and other CSOs; and gather relevant referrals on local stakeholder coordination structures/platforms through key informants.
· Propose high-level options for financing schemes and project management mechanisms to finance prospective business plans and deliver larger scale skills training and certification; and Identify potential financial services (including micro-credit/finance services), modalities/requirements for accessing the services including for returnees.
· Using existing quantitative data and expert opinion, identify key labour market development scenarios for the next five years with a view to training people to create value for Libyan companies in future.
· Conduct a comprehensive multi stakeholder field-based assessment with specific focus on qualitative data collection methods based on the purpose and objectives of the assignment.
· Facilitate stakeholders feedback workshop to facilitate sharing of the assessment results with a view of incorporating inputs from stakeholders in the final draft to be conducted in Tripoli (or Tunis)
· Debriefing at the end of field work to relevant IOM staff.
The consultant shall work along with IOM Libya to identify and finalize the key parameters to be studied as part of the project. The skills and sub skills to be studied for the purpose of qualification benchmarks and standards will be finalized on the basis of the secondary/primary data analysis and a methodology meeting with all the relevant stakeholders.
The data for analysis shall be captured both through primary and secondary research.
The consultant will work in close co-ordination with IOM for conducting the primary research. Questionnaires for the primary research shall be prepared in coordination with and approved by IOM Libya. Data collection techniques such as personal interviews, focus-group discussion, key informant interview, web-based and telephone surveys etc. may be employed for the study. The data collection forms should be effectively designed using both structured and unstructured questions (open-end questions which offer respondents to answer in their own words). Assistance from IOM shall be sought by the consultant for setting up meetings/ seeking data inputs etc where needed.
For secondary research, relevant information sources shall be identified by the consultant to collect information. Data from any similar studies undertaken previously shall also be referred.
The data collected from the primary and secondary research shall be collated and cleaned. The data shall then be organized appropriately (e.g. assigning response categories a numerical value etc.) for analysis.
Research methodology is carried out through:
· Literature and desk review, including review of existing data, statistics, reports and documents.
· Survey approach (questionnaire, structured or semi-structured interviews, focus groups and KII)
· Compilation of observations and analysis of collected data and information
The research shall be compiled in a final report, with presentation of analysed data, information and narrative, and shall consist of following sections:
- Preface, Abstract, Acknowledgments
- Executive summary
- Key findings and recommendations (option to separate)
- Chapters (or sections), including introductory and concluding paragraphs and which are further divided into sub-chapters (or sub-sections)
- Reference to Literature
- Conclusions, may include a series of recommendations
- List of tables, charts, diagrams or other illustrations.
- Annexes (definitions, sources statistics, Legislation in action, references)
5. Key deliverables
The deliverables for this project will be a skills-specific assessment report on labour market needs in selected region of Libya and a report separately for Tripoli region, to project medium term requirements in the specific skill sectors and also to identify educational and skill benchmarks required in skill sectors/sub sectors where target countries have demand projections.
6. Tangible and measurable output of the work assignment
· A mapping of key skills profiles available among migrant communities in the targeted area.
· An analysis of the skills profiles most in demand by private sector employers in the targeted areas.
· A strategic analysis of the current and potential service providers which could upskill migrants with soft and vocational skills in demand in various sectors in the target areas.
· A list of skills for potential development of vocational training to be explored further for implementation
· A list of sectors along with skills/subskills that have demand and potential for development in near future.
· Concrete recommendations for implementation of actions on stakeholder coordination and partnership and synergies relevant to employment, migrants, and livelihoods promotion in target locations.
· A bibliography of relevant previous assessments carried out in Libya.
7. Delivery schedule
The timeframe for this assessment is six months (including time for IOM review, feedback and presentation of the findings to relevant stakeholders).
8. Role of IOM
· IOM will provide financial and logistical support to organize the stakeholders’ workshop to present the assessment findings.
· Provide available relevant documents and information.
· Review the submitted draft reports of the technical assessment.
· Support in contacting government and other relevant officials for meetings and consultations.
9. Competencies required:
· A team composed of qualified researchers with advanced University Degrees in Economics, Development Studies/Business Management.
· Experience and expertise in the areas of macro- and micro-economic research and analysis, including labour market assessment.
· Demonstrated experience in quantitative and qualitative data collection and analyses.
· Research experience relevant to analysis of technical and vocational skills education and training programming / management of training institutions in similar environments.
· Good knowledge of the migration, socioeconomic and political dynamics of Libya as well as experience in livelihoods and employment promotion programming and/or research in a post-conflict context relevant to Libya.
· A demonstrated understanding and analytical capacity in the identification of issues relating to indicators of performance in development projects.
· Excellent report writing and presentation skills and ability to meet deadlines.
10. Performance indicators for evaluation of results:
· Coordination of meetings, outline of project goals and outcomes of meetings;
· Quality of the Labour Market Assessment (e.g. sound research methodology, clear and clean texts, adherence to the policy discussion, and level of innovation);
· Punctuality of the submission of the deliverables;
· Level of adherence to the objectives;
· Periodic and regular update on the progress of the study provided to IOM;
· Attendance and quality of the presentation made at the country level meetings/workshops
Proposal submission instructions
Proposals must include two components: technical proposal and financial proposal, submitted as separate files.
The technical proposal must include the following components:
· Consultants/Organization’s background and experience in conducting similar studies.
· Clear methodology of the necessary activities to satisfy the ToR, including proposed quantitative and qualitative sampling strategies, sample sizes, etc.
· A detailed work plan, clearly presenting the activity action plan in accordance with the number of the required days.
· Curricula of senior technical team members.
Financial proposal: Please include a detailed budget clearly showing all budget lines and its relevance to the proposal.
Applications should be in English.
Interested organizations are invited to submit technical and financial proposals to [email protected], not later than 30 June 2019. The subject line for expressions of interest should read “Labour Market Assessment for LHD [Name of applicant organization].”
- Job City Libya